(Washington, DC)—The DC Department of Insurance, Securities and Banking (DISB) today signed a major agreement with Taylor, Bean & Whitaker Mortgage Corporation (TBW) regarding its mortgage lending practices for “nontraditional” loans made in the District of Columbia. This agreement will result in a detailed review of TBW’s nontraditional loan practices, the adoption of the federal loan modification program to assist struggling homeowners, and the payment of $9 million to assist the states and the District of Columbia in their oversight of mortgage origination practices.
The agreement between TBW and 14 state mortgage regulators follows a coordinated multi-state examination of TBW to specifically determine compliance with laws and regulations pertaining to the origination of nontraditional mortgage loans in 2006. These products, also referred to as “alternative,” or “exotic” mortgage loans, include “interest-only” mortgages, “payment option” adjustable-rate mortgages, and stated income loans.
The examination alleged exceptions relating to TBW’s underwriting standards, compliance and risk management practices, and internal control procedures pertaining to these loans.
Alleged practices included multiple submissions of loan applications by third-party originators through automated underwriting programs resulting in altered income and asset information for prospective borrowers in order to qualify applicants for mortgage loans. Concern over these practices led TBW to stop offering nontraditional mortgages in early 2007 and to make other changes to its internal control processes.
DISB Commissioner Thomas E. Hampton noted the agreement between TBW and the 14 states as an important victory for all consumers and the mortgage industry. He stated that, “It is imperative that we continue to protect consumers and preserve the opportunity for homeownership in the District and throughout the country. This agreement is a significant step in that direction.”
The major provisions of the agreement between TBW and the state mortgage regulators include the following:
- The implementation of a loan modification program for loans held in TBW’s investment portfolio that will conform to the “Making Home Affordable” program released by the US Department of the Treasury. TBW will also make reasonable efforts to secure any required third party consents to modify mortgage loans currently serviced.
- The hiring of an independent firm, to be approved by the state mortgage regulators, to review TBW’s nontraditional mortgage loans originated from 2006 to 2007 to determine whether additional reimbursement to consumers is warranted.
- The implementation of a comprehensive compliance program, to be reviewed and approved by the state mortgage regulators, to ensure compliance with applicable laws, regulations, and rules governing the conduct and operation of its mortgage business in each of the states.
- The payment of $9 million by TBW to assist the states in their oversight of mortgage origination practices. Half of the payment will be apportioned equally to the 14 jurisdictions that completed the multi-state examination. The remaining monies will be dedicated to the ongoing development and maintenance costs of the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System (NMLS). The NMLS was developed by state banking and mortgage regulators to create an online, centralized database of mortgage companies and mortgage loan originators. The goals of the NMLS were to create greater transparency and protection for consumers, detect and reduce mortgage fraud, and streamline licensing requirements both for regulators and the mortgage industry.
Consumers do not need to take any action at this point to pursue a loan modification. As part of the agreement, TBW will reach out to impacted consumers who qualify for the Making Home Affordable program. Under this program, the following mortgages are eligible for a loan modification:
- The mortgage is for the consumer’s primary residence;
- The amount owed on the first mortgage is equal to or less than $729,750;
- The mortgage was closed before January 1, 2009;
- The homeowner’s payment on his or her first mortgage (including principal, interest, taxes, insurance and homeowner’s association dues, if applicable) is more than 31 percent of their current gross income; and
- The homeowner is having trouble paying the mortgage (for example, a significant increase in mortgage payments OR a reduction in income since receiving the current loan OR a hardship may have increased expenses (like medical bills)).
Consumers may visit the Web site established by the Treasury Department at makinghomeaffordable.gov, to check their eligibility for a loan modification.
Based in Ocala, Florida, TBW is currently one of the 10 largest wholesale mortgage lenders in the United States. According to Home Mortgage Disclosure Act data, TBW originated 215,880 traditional and nontraditional mortgage loans nationally between 2006 and 2007.
The 14 state mortgage regulators included in this settlement are the Arizona Department of Financial Institutions; the District of Columbia Department of Insurance, Securities and Banking; the Florida Office of Financial Regulation; the Georgia Department of Banking and Finance; the Idaho Department of Finance; the Illinois Department of Financial Professional Regulation-Division of Banking; the Louisiana Office of Financial Institutions; the Maryland Office of Financial Regulation; the Massachusetts Division of Banks; the Mississippi Department of Banking and Consumer Finance; the New Jersey Department of Banking and Insurance; the North Carolina Office of the Commissioner of Banks; the Pennsylvania Department of Banking; and the Vermont Department of Banking, Insurance, Securities and Health Care Administration.
315 NE 14th Street
Ocala, FL 34470
Office: (352) 671-0178
Fax: (352) 690-0878